Signs & Symptoms
- Damage on young trees
- Shoots cut off at a 45-degree angle or girdling at the base
- Significant amounts of bark removed, or tree is completely cut.
Where to Look
- Stems of young trees up to 2 ft from the ground
- Maintain weed control in the rows, particularly around the base of the tree. Use hazing, shooting, fencing, and tree tubing.